Sudanese caught in conflict zone after U.S. destroyed their passports

Trisha D.
9 Min Read


Azim Alhajaa obtained a generic electronic mail response from the U.S. Embassy in Khartoum on Might 16 that hit like a bullet to the chest. His household’s passports, which that they had left there for visa processing, had been “destroyed.”

His spouse and kids had hoped to depart the nation and be a part of him in Columbus, Ohio, the place he had been residing for 5 years. Their departure grew to become more and more pressing in latest weeks as violent factions warred for management, and the nation descended into lethal chaos and humanitarian crises.

The U.S. Embassy “tied our arms and put us in hell,” the 59-year-old Sudanese nationwide mentioned. “I really feel we’re not handled as human beings.”

Others discovered themselves in the identical bind: The U.S. State Division confirmed in an announcement that diplomats destroyed an unspecified variety of passports earlier than evacuating the nation final month.

“It’s customary working process throughout a drawdown to take precautions to not depart behind any paperwork, supplies, or info that might fall into the mistaken arms and be misused,” said the e-mail Alhajaa obtained.

The choice has ignited a firestorm of anger and concern amongst some Sudanese individuals at house and overseas, accusing Washington of taking a callous strategy that put individuals in hurt’s means, fairly than doing extra to attempt to return paperwork safely or present an alternate.

In March, Alhajaa’s household had given the embassy their passports within the final leg of a years-long U.S. visa utility course of. The children couldn’t wait.

The information that the passports had been destroyed in April shattered their hopes. What harm most, he mentioned, was that Washington had not supplied an answer to the mess by which it had left his household.

The U.S. Embassy shut its doorways April 15, after preventing broke out between rival generals. Lethal violence and a humanitarian disaster have devastated the nation of some 45 million individuals. Practically all public companies have been shut down, together with the Sudanese passport company — which might be capable to problem new paperwork.

“The U.S. Embassy evacuated their individuals and left us to our future,” mentioned Ibrahim Mohamed, 27, a software program engineer in Khartoum whose passport was destroyed. He was within the utility course of for a pupil visa. “They appear like they don’t care about us in any respect. They aren’t even responding to our emails or telephone calls.”

“I don’t ask for a lot,” he mentioned. He has been residing for weeks with out electrical energy or steady entry to meals and water. His members of the family have fled Egypt — however he nonetheless can not. “I simply need my passport again or any journey doc to journey to a safer place out of the hazard zone.”

The State Division didn’t reply to questions concerning the specifics of the coverage. “As a result of the safety surroundings didn’t permit us to soundly return these passports, we adopted our process to destroy them fairly than depart them behind unsecured,” mentioned State Division deputy spokesman Vedant Patel.

“We acknowledge that the dearth of journey documentation is a burden for these looking for to depart Sudan,” Patel mentioned. “We now have and can proceed to pursue diplomatic efforts with associate nations to establish an answer.”

Even earlier than the newest battle, companies on the embassy had been reduce and backlogged because the pandemic. A Sudanese nationwide residing in the US, who spoke on the situation of anonymity to guard his visa standing, mentioned he was lobbying congressional representatives on behalf of 10 people and households who had additionally discovered that their passports had been destroyed.

Many governments evacuated their diplomats across the time Washington did. Some left passports locked inside emptied embassies, nonetheless unreachable by their determined house owners.

Since March, greater than 200,000 individuals have fled Sudan, most by foot, to neighboring nations — and much more have been internally displaced, based on the U.N. refugee company.

The French Embassy additionally destroyed the passports in its custody.

A French Overseas Ministry official, who spoke on the situation of anonymity below company protocol, mentioned that French diplomats destroyed “all paperwork held by the embassy containing private information … as quickly as their integrity may not be assured.”

The coverage will not be with out precedent: Officers on the U.S. Embassy in Kabul additionally shredded passports within the chaotic evacuation because the Taliban retook the nation in 2021. The Taliban has focused Afghans with connections to the US, however the coverage prompted outrage amongst Afghans attempting to depart the nation.

Emma DiNapoli, a London-based conflict crimes knowledgeable centered on Sudan, mentioned there was little chance that Sudanese making use of for U.S. visas could be threatened by the 2 combatants, each of which have taken half in ongoing cease-fire negotiations involving the US.

“Governments labored so onerous to extract their very own residents from the nation, clearly realizing how dire the scenario is and might get, after which haven’t taken different steps as we’ve seen in Ukraine,” similar to creating various paperwork and visa-waiver plans, she mentioned.

Within the weeks because the worldwide neighborhood left Sudan, passports held on the Chinese language and Spanish embassies have been retrieved by their house owners — below divergent circumstances.

In late Might, after lobbying higher-ups, Sudanese staff on the Chinese language Embassy obtained permission to arrange distribution factors across the metropolis. When preventing lulled, individuals got here to gather their paperwork.

Over the weekend, looters seem to have raided the Spanish Embassy in Khartoum and seized passports, based on some reviews shared on social media, which couldn’t instantly be verified. It stays unclear who breached the embassy and what was taken. A spokesman for the Spanish Overseas Ministry, who spoke on the situation of anonymity below company protocol, didn’t deny the reviews however mentioned by electronic mail that officers “can not verify the standing of the Spanish Embassy as a result of lack of dependable info.”

Mahir Elfiel, 40, instructed The Washington Put up on Tuesday that he had obtained his passport again from the Spanish Embassy that morning after paying a person he discovered on Fb about $30 to retrieve it for him. Inside hours, Elfiel departed for the Egyptian border.

“I’m simply blessed that I’ve my passport in my hand,” he mentioned.

Alhajaa, for his half, mentioned he stays in agony of fear that every day could possibly be his household’s final.

His spouse and 6 of their kids — ages 7 to twenty-eight — dodged armed fighters and bombs to depart Khartoum for a considerably quieter village. He hasn’t seen them in 5 years, since he left for the US together with his teenage daughter to hunt remedy for her extreme scoliosis. He has spent years battling forms and dealing lengthy days to pay for his household’s immigration case, which the pandemic placed on pause.

In latest months, Alhajaa mentioned he had sensed circumstances worsening in Sudan and had tried to hurry up their functions — just for all his efforts to be destroyed.

“There isn’t a justification for this protocol,” he mentioned. “It’s a killing protocol. Now my household is trapped. And I 100% can not do something to assist them.”

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